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St. Stephan's Cathedral (Austria)

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St. Stephan's Cathedral, {CATEGORY}

The "Steffl" is arguably one of the world s most enchanting Gothic cathedrals. A 12th-century construction at heart, it was renovated in Gothic style between 1304-1433. Its Northern Tower, standing at a height of 70m, was redesigned according to Renaissance aesthetics in 1579 and the interior was given a baroque slant following the Counter Reformation. St. Stephen's Cathedral's famed bell, the "Pummerin," weighing no less than 21 tons, suffered considerable fire damage in World War II. It has since been repaired and is now used to mark special occasions, such as to ring in the new year. It also houses remains of 11,000 people in the catacombs, which can be seen by the visitors.

Practical Information

Address: Stephansplatz 3, Vienna, 9 1010

City: Vienna

Country: Austria

Phone 1: +43 1 513 7648

Email: office@stephansdom.at

Official site: www.stephanskirche.at

Opening hours: Daily 6am-10pm except times of service

Entrance fee: Cathedral free admission, tour of catacombs 4.50€ ($7.20) adults, 1.50€ ($1.95) children under 15. Guided tour of cathedral 4.50€ ($7.20) adults, 1.50€ ($2.40) children under 15. South Tower 3.50€ ($5.60) adults, 1€ ($1.60) students and children under 15. Evening tours, including tour of the roof, 10€ ($16) adults, 3.50€ ($5.60) children under 15

Access by bus: Bus 1A, 2A, 3A

Access by subway: U-Bahn Stephansplatz

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St. Stephan's Cathedral, {CATEGORY}

A basilica built on the site of a Romanesque sanctuary, this cathedral was founded in the 12th century in what was, even in the Middle Ages, the town's center. A 1258 fire that swept through Vienna virtually destroyed Stephansdom, and toward the dawn of the 14th century, a Gothic building replaced the basilica's ruins. The cathedral suffered terribly during the Turkish siege of 1683, then experienced peace until Russian bombardments in 1945. Destruction continued when the Germans fired on Vienna as they fled the city at the close of World War II. Restored and reopened in 1948, the cathedral is one of the greatest Gothic structures in Europe, rich in woodcarvings, altars, sculptures, and paintings. The 135m (450-ft). steeple has come to symbolize the spirit of Vienna. The 106m-long (352-ft). cathedral is inextricably entwined with Viennese and Austrian history. Mourners attended Mozart's "pauper's funeral" here in 1791, and Napoleon posted his farewell edict on the door in 1805. The pulpit of St. Stephan's is the enduring masterpiece of stonecarver Anton Pilgrim, but the chief treasure of the cathedral is the carved wooden Wiener Neustadt altarpiece, which dates from 1447. The richly painted and gilded altar, in the left chapel of the choir, depicts the Virgin Mary between St. Catherine and St. Barbara. In the Apostles' Choir, look for the curious tomb of Emperor Frederick III. Made of pinkish Salzburg marble in the 17th century, the carved tomb depicts hideous hobgoblins trying to wake the emperor from his eternal sleep. The entrance to the catacombs or crypt is on the north side next to the Capistran pulpit. Here you'll see the funeral urns that contain the entrails of 56 members of the Habsburg family. You can climb the 343-step South Tower of St. Stephan's for a view of the Vienna Woods. Called Alter Steffl (Old Steve), the tower, marked by a needlelike spire, dominates the city's skyline. It was originally built between 1350 and 1433, and reconstructed after heavy damage in World War II. The North Tower (Nordturm), reached by elevator, was never finished to match the South Tower, but was crowned in the Renaissance style in 1579. From here you get a panoramic view of the city and the Danube.

St. Stephan's Cathedral, {CATEGORY}

A basilica built on the site of a Romanesque sanctuary, this cathedral was founded in the 12th century in what was, even in the Middle Ages, the town's center. A 1258 fire that swept through Vienna virtually destroyed Stephansdom, and toward the dawn of the 14th century, a Gothic building replaced the basilica's ruins. The cathedral suffered terribly during the Turkish siege of 1683, then experienced peace until Russian bombardments in 1945. Destruction continued when the Germans fired on Vienna as they fled the city at the close of World War II. Restored and reopened in 1948, the cathedral is one of the greatest Gothic structures in Europe, rich in woodcarvings, altars, sculptures, and paintings. The 135m (450-ft). steeple has come to symbolize the spirit of Vienna. The 106m-long (352-ft). cathedral is inextricably entwined with Viennese and Austrian history. Mourners attended Mozart's "pauper's funeral" here in 1791, and Napoleon posted his farewell edict on the door in 1805. The pulpit of St. Stephan's is the enduring masterpiece of stonecarver Anton Pilgrim, but the chief treasure of the cathedral is the carved wooden Wiener Neustadt altarpiece, which dates from 1447. The richly painted and gilded altar, in the left chapel of the choir, depicts the Virgin Mary between St. Catherine and St. Barbara. In the Apostles' Choir, look for the curious tomb of Emperor Frederick III. Made of pinkish Salzburg marble in the 17th century, the carved tomb depicts hideous hobgoblins trying to wake the emperor from his eternal sleep. The entrance to the catacombs or crypt is on the north side next to the Capistran pulpit. Here you'll see the funeral urns that contain the entrails of 56 members of the Habsburg family. You can climb the 343-step South Tower of St. Stephan's for a view of the Vienna Woods. Called Alter Steffl (Old Steve), the tower, marked by a needlelike spire, dominates the city's skyline. It was originally built between 1350 and 1433, and reconstructed after heavy damage in World War II. The North Tower (Nordturm), reached by elevator, was never finished to match the South Tower, but was crowned in the Renaissance style in 1579. From here you get a panoramic view of the city and the Danube.

St. Stephan's Cathedral, {CATEGORY}

The "Steffl" is arguably one of the world s most enchanting Gothic cathedrals. A 12th-century construction at heart, it was renovated in Gothic style between 1304-1433. Its Northern Tower, standing at a height of 70m, was redesigned according to Renaissance aesthetics in 1579 and the interior was given a baroque slant following the Counter Reformation. St. Stephen's Cathedral's famed bell, the "Pummerin," weighing no less than 21 tons, suffered considerable fire damage in World War II. It has since been repaired and is now used to mark special occasions, such as to ring in the new year. It also houses remains of 11,000 people in the catacombs, which can be seen by the visitors.

St. Stephan's Cathedral, {CATEGORY}

The "Steffl" is arguably one of the world s most enchanting Gothic cathedrals. A 12th-century construction at heart, it was renovated in Gothic style between 1304-1433. Its Northern Tower, standing at a height of 70m, was redesigned according to Renaissance aesthetics in 1579 and the interior was given a baroque slant following the Counter Reformation. St. Stephen's Cathedral's famed bell, the "Pummerin," weighing no less than 21 tons, suffered considerable fire damage in World War II. It has since been repaired and is now used to mark special occasions, such as to ring in the new year. It also houses remains of 11,000 people in the catacombs, which can be seen by the visitors.

Activities nearby

Religious site
School and university
Building and administration
Monument
Theatre and opera

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