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Imperial Forums (Italy)

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Imperial Forums , {CATEGORY}

The broad Via dei Fori Imperiali is lined on either side by the remains of the Forums of ancient Rome. The street was laid in 1932 with the name Via dell'Impero (Empire Street) which reflected Mussolini's aims. It connects the center to the districts of San Giovanni and Celio and is therefore an important artery for the city. The long existing plan to remove the road has never been implemented because the result would be paralysis of the city traffic. However, the plus side would be that the rest of the forums could be excavated. The street runs from Piazza Venezia to the Colosseum with the Basilica Ulpia, Trajan's Forum and Augustus' Forum on the right and Caesar's Forum and Nerva's Forum on the left. About halfway along, on both sides, lies the Forum of Peace which is currently being excavated.

Practical Information

Address: Via dei Fori Imperiali, Rome 00186

City: Rome

Country: Italy

Entrance fee: Free admission

Access by subway: Metro Colosseo. Keep to the right side of the street

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Imperial Forums , {CATEGORY}

It was Mussolini who issued the controversial orders to cut through centuries-old neighborhoods to carve out Via dei Fori Imperiali, thereby linking the Colosseum to the grand 19th-century monuments of Piazza Venezia. Excavations under his fascist regime revealed many archaeological treasures, but destroyed countless others. Begun by Julius Caesar as an answer to the overcrowding of Rome's older forums, the Imperial Forums were, at the time of their construction, flashier, bolder, and more impressive than the buildings in the Roman Forum. This site conveyed the unquestioned authority of the emperors at the height of their absolute power. On the street's north side, you'll come to a large outdoor restaurant, where Via Cavour joins the boulevard. Just beyond the small park across Via Cavour are the remains of the Forum of Nerva, built by the emperor whose 2-year reign (A.D. 96-98) followed that of the paranoid Domitian. You'll be struck by just how much the ground level has risen in 19 centuries. The only really recognizable remnant is a wall of the Temple of Minerva with two fine Corinthian columns. This forum was once flanked by that of Vespasian, which is now gone. It's possible to enter the Forum of Nerva from the other side, but you can see it just as well from the railing. The next forum you approach is the Forum of Augustus built before the birth of Christ to commemorate the emperor's victory over the assassins Cassius and Brutus in the Battle of Philippi (42 B.C).. Like the Forum of Nerva, you can enter this forum from the other side (cut across the tiny footbridge). Continuing along the railing, you'll see the vast semicircle of Trajan's Market, Via Quattro Novembre 144 (tel. 06-6790048), whose teeming arcades stocked with merchandise from the far corners of the Roman world collapsed long ago, leaving only a few cats to watch after things. The shops once covered a multitude of levels, and you can still wander around many of them. Trajan's Market is worth the descent below street level. To get there, follow the service road you're on until you reach Trajan's Column on your left, turn right and go up the steep flight of stairs leading to Via Nazionale. At the top, about half a block farther on the right, you'll see the entrance. It's open Tuesday to Sunday from 9am to 2pm. Admission is 6.50€ ($10). Before you head down through the labyrinthine passages, you might like to climb the Tower of the Milizie, a 12th-century structure that was part of the medieval headquarters of the Knights of Rhodes. The view from the top (if it's open) is well worth the climb. You can enter the Forum of Trajan on Via Quattro Novembre near the steps of Via Magnanapoli. Once through the tunnel, you'll emerge into the newest and most beautiful of the Imperial Forums, built between A.D. 107 and 113, and designed by Greek architect Apollodorus of Damascus (who laid out the adjoining market). There are many statue fragments and pedestals bearing still-legible inscriptions, but more interesting is the great Basilica Ulpia, whose gray marble columns rise roofless into the sky. This forum was once regarded as one of the architectural wonders of the world. Beyond the Basilica Ulpia is Trajan's Column, in magnificent condition, with intricate bas-relief sculpture depicting Trajan's victorious campaign (though, from your vantage point, you'll be able to see only the earliest stages). The next stop is the Forum of Julius Caesar, the first of the Imperial Forums. It lies on the opposite side of Via dei Fori Imperiali. This was the site of the Roman stock exchange as well as the Temple of Venus. After you've seen the wonders of ancient Rome, you might continue up Via dei Fori Imperiali to Piazza Venezia, where the white Brescian marble Vittorio Emanuele Monument dominates the scene. (You can't miss it). Italy's most flamboyant landmark, it was built in the late 1800s to honor the first king of Italy. An eternal flame burns at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. You'll come to use the monument as a landmark as you figure your way around the city.

Imperial Forums , {CATEGORY}

The broad Via dei Fori Imperiali is lined on either side by the remains of the Forums of ancient Rome. The street was laid in 1932 with the name Via dell'Impero (Empire Street) which reflected Mussolini's aims. It connects the center to the districts of San Giovanni and Celio and is therefore an important artery for the city. The long existing plan to remove the road has never been implemented because the result would be paralysis of the city traffic. However, the plus side would be that the rest of the forums could be excavated. The street runs from Piazza Venezia to the Colosseum with the Basilica Ulpia, Trajan's Forum and Augustus' Forum on the right and Caesar's Forum and Nerva's Forum on the left. About halfway along, on both sides, lies the Forum of Peace which is currently being excavated.

Imperial Forums , {CATEGORY}

The broad Via dei Fori Imperiali is lined on either side by the remains of the Forums of ancient Rome. The street was laid in 1932 with the name Via dell'Impero (Empire Street) which reflected Mussolini's aims. It connects the center to the districts of San Giovanni and Celio and is therefore an important artery for the city. The long existing plan to remove the road has never been implemented because the result would be paralysis of the city traffic. However, the plus side would be that the rest of the forums could be excavated. The street runs from Piazza Venezia to the Colosseum with the Basilica Ulpia, Trajan's Forum and Augustus' Forum on the right and Caesar's Forum and Nerva's Forum on the left. About halfway along, on both sides, lies the Forum of Peace which is currently being excavated.

> > > Imperial Forums hotels near monument: Imperial Forums, Rome Imperial Forums, Rome infos >

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